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Article du mois
Article of the month



by Roger Courval

A study supplemented*, related to the effects of the massage to hypertensive adults receiving 2 massages per week, compared with the practice of relaxation.

The conclusion of the study is that the massage carried out on the subjects of the study, have for effect on those to feel less depressed and less hostile.   The analyses of saliva and the urines have shown a reduction in the hormones responsible for the stress.

30 adult were selected, their hypertension was under control for 6 months two groups of 15 people were formed, of which a group assigned with sessions of massage and the other in therapy of relaxation. The duration of the massage or relaxation was 30 minutes 2 times per week, for 5 weeks duration.   Treatments, as much in massage that in relaxation, were done at the end of the afternoon or at the beginning of the evening.   The technique of relaxation consisted in taking major breathings by contracting and slackening the muscles.

The steps before and after the treatment: an evaluation of the degree of anxiety to evaluate the emotional state, an analysis of saliva to measure the rate of hormone of stress, cortisol, and the systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurement.   Participants had to fill questionnaire to evaluate their degree of depression, of anxiety and of hostility, as well as measurement of catecholamines in urines (active amines which affects the nervous system and cardiovascular), finally, a measurement of the rate of cortisol.

The results show a reduction in the anxiety and depression in the two groups. In addition, the massage allowed a reduction in the systolic and diastolic tension, a reduction in the cortisol rate in saliva and the urine as well as a more significant score, the fall, anxiety, depression and hostility.

The study show that since the massage reduces the symptoms associated with hypertension, it could thus reduce the risk of the complications like an infarction or a CVA.

*   University of Miami Medical school and Nova Southeastern, the University of Florida in co-operation with Touch Research Institute and published in the Newspaper of Bodywork and Movements in January 2000, Vol.4, No.1.

Roger Courval is massokinesitherapiste
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